ACT5743-Advanced issues in Auditing

For non-routine orders, the user department completes a purchase requisition. One copy is filed in the user department and one copy is sent to the purchasing agent. The purchasing agent then processes the request by completing a three-part purchase order and process as described below. For routine orders, the purchasing agent proceeds as discussed below.

After shipments are processed against the inventory master file, the agent records an EOQ, which is a software routine in the inventory-purchases module, and generates an inventory reorder report and a daily listing of items requiring reorder. The purchasing agent uses this report to select items for reorder. Once she has selected the items from the report, she uses the LAN and inventory-purchases module to initiate the preparation of a purchaseorder.

The program updates a field in each applicable vendor master file record to indicatethe items that are on order from each selected vendor. The software also prints purchase orders in three parts, along with a report listing the purchase orders. The purchasing agent sends the first copy of the first order to the vendor and places the second copy in the open purchases order file pending receipt of the vendors invoice and the receiving report. She sends a copy of the purchase order report containing the on-order items to the inventory storeroom clerk. The clerk is able to access the report data items on the LAN. The menu on the computer screen allows her to accept the data in the report and thereby update the quantity order field in each applicable inventory master filerecord.

The third copy of the purchase order is used as a receiving report. Upon receipt, clerks count the material and record the quantities received on the receiving report copy. The receiving personnel enters the receipts into the LAN software, which updates the “merchandise received” field in the applicable inventory master file record to indicate that the material has been received. The module also prints a daily receiving log. Merchandise and the third copy of the purchase order are sent to the warehouse, where the merchandise is counted. After verifying the receiving clerk’s count and reconciling any discrepancies, the data is input into a computer screen template. The LAN software updates the relevant inventory master file record by increasing the quantity on hand. Any differences between the quantity received and the quantity ordered are listed on the report that is sent to the purchasing agent, along with the third copy of the receiving report. The purchasing agent accesses this report from the LAN and uses it to reconcile any differences with the vendor.

Required

Evaluate internal control risk over purchases using “low,” “moderate,” or “high” risk categories. Explain your answers.