C Corp. has $300,000 of 12% bonds, callable at 102, with a remaining 10-year term, and interest payable semiannually. The bonds are currently valued on the books at $ 290,000, and the company has just made the interest payment and adjustments for amortization of any premium or discount. Similar bonds can be marketed currently at 10% and would sell at par.

a) Give the journal entries to retire the old debt and issue $ 300,000 of new 10% bonds at par

b) In what year will the reduction in interest offset the cost of refinancing the bond issue?